About coat fabrics

Coats are made from natural, synthetic or mixed (combining different types of

fiber) fabrics.

Natural wool fabrics are the best. They perfectly keep heat, but can breathe,

that’s why provide the most comfortable temperature; repel dirt and good for

cleaning; do not crumple and fold straighten themselves; light, soft, respectable

and attractive. The designers describe them as "comfortable elegance".

Speaking of wool, most means sheep's wool (fleece) (wo), although wool

fabric manufacturers also using other animals wool: llamas, goats, lambs, camels

and even Angora rabbits. Fabrics made from wool of these animals are extremely

comfortable, aesthetic and expensive, therefore they belong to the elite category.

The largest providers of luxury wool are Australia and New Zealand and a major

producer of luxury fabrics - Italy.

 

There are the main types of elite wool:


Cashmere (WS)

Cashmere (CASHMERE) - it is the thinnest fluff (undercoat)of the high mountain

cashmere goat breed, lived in the region of Tibet and in the Kashmir province

between India and Pakistan. Cashmere goats are also raised in Australia, New

Zealand and Scotland.

Cashmere is an elegant, chic, trendy, sophisticated and just the most

expensive material. It is not accidentally called "the royal yarn", "wool diamond"

or "precious thread".

Cashmere raw material consists of thread with the thickness only 13-19mkm (a

human hair - 50 mkm), so the touch of cashmere creates a sense of grandeur.

Cashmere is so gentle that any tint, in which he painted, looks as through the light

haze, very pleasant to the eye.

In order to get the fluff goat do not cut down, but manually pull out once a

year, in spring, during molting. One goat brings just 100 - 200 grams of fluff, and

to create one coat needed 1.5 - 1.8 kg of cashmere fabrics, i.e. 15 animals fluff. It's

one of the reasons for the very high prices for 100% cashmere products. Another

reason for the popularity and expensiveness of cashmere - is its exceptional

softness, lightness, ability to retain heat and hypoallergenicity/

The cashmere popularity is growing. Now buyers are choosing cashmere as

the best of what is on the market. Despite the high cost, it attracts more and more

fans of this material throughout the world because of exceptional comfort it

creates.

 

Alpaca (WP)

ALPACA (ALPACA) - a kind of llama. It lives in the Peruvian Andes at an

altitude of 4000-5000m in extreme conditions (bright sun, cold wind, extreme

temperatures).

Alpaca is a rare animal, its wool is expensive. Alpacas are shaved, unlike

sheep, once a year, and you can get from one animal just 3-3.5 kg of wool.

Alpaca wool has exceptional properties:

it is light, soft, uniform and silky, preserving a unique silky shine all the product

lifetime;

very warm (7 times warmer than sheep), has high thermostatic properties (it is

warm in the cold and not too hot in the heat);

solid (3 times stronger than sheep), does not roll, and does not rumpled;

resistant to pollution and does not cause allergic reactions;

unlike the scaly and therefore spiny fiber wool, alpaca fibers are smooth and4

comfortable to the touch;

it has the greatest range of natural colors (22 shades, from black, gray, burgundy,

brown, cream to white).

No one other kind of wool has such qualities. All these properties provide the

owners of wool alpaca products unique sense of aesthetic and physical comfort.

 

SURI ALPACA (SURI ALPACA). There are two breeds of alpacas:

HUACAYA (UAKAYA) and SURI (Suri).

Uakaya is a more numerous breed and it looks like a fluffy teddy bear. In most

cases, this breed is meant under the name "alpaca".

Suri - very rare (only about 120 thousand alpacas - 5%) and valuable (twice as

expensive Uakaya).

Compared with Uakaya, Suri fleece consists of longer, thinner fibers (19-25mkm)

– they are uniform and thick locks, straight across the length and slightly curled at

the ends, they do not contain guard hairs that reduce the quality of fleece.

Suri wool is particularly soft and fine. In the old days it was used in clothes royals

exclusively.

 

SURI ALPACA BABY (BABY SURY ALPACA). There are five quality

categories of alpaca depending on the thickness of the fiber fleece.

Most high-quality wool is a kind of "Baby" (20 pm). If Suri was the fleece source,

that is the best, rarest and most expensive wool of alpaca, called "Baby Suri

alpaca" – that is alpaca of the highest quality in the world.

 

Angora (WA)

Angora (ANGORA) - this is Angora rabbits fluff.

Once in response to the overstatement of prices for demanded angora goats wool,

made by Turkey, China produced more soft and cheap yarn, called "Angora". As it

turned out, it was wild rabbits fluff, called Angora. In these circumstances, Turkish

Angora goat wool was called "mohair", which in Arabic means "the chosen". Later

Europe and the United States began to breed Angora rabbits.

Angora rabbits are the most charming of the rabbits resembling lively soft

toys. Currently, five species angora rabbit are industrially bred in the world:

English, French, German, Giant and Satin. They differ in size and weight (2,5-

5,5kg), in long feather fiber, in density of the top coat, color, volume of wool

produced annually (0,4-1,3kg).

Angora wool is exceptionally soft, very warm and fluffy, with a special soft

pile. Products made of angora wool create a unique comfort and, therefore, are

very popular and in demand. However, angora has some disadvantages: the weak6

fixing of the rabbit fluff in the yarn can cause abrasion of the tissue; the need to

protect against excessive wetting; clean it only by chemical means. However, high quality

products from Angora can last more than one year.

 

Merino wool

Merino Wool (MERINOS) - wool that is taken from the merino sheep withers.

Merino is a breed of fine-wool sheep, which is considered the birthplace of the

Near East. They subsequently spread throughout Western Europe, North America

and Australia.

Today, only Australia has about 150 million Merino, herewith one sheep giving an

average of 15 kg wool per year (other breeds of sheep 6-7 kg). The yield of pure

wool is 35-45%.

Merino wool is homogeneous and consists of very thin (13.5-23 mm) and soft

fluffy fibers (coarse wool breeds at 23-35 microns). It is long (length wool annual

growth of 6-8 cm), white, warm, has excellent thermostatic properties. Due to the

natural curls it is flexible. It is also important that it does not irritate the skin.

Merino wool is more expensive than usual. The price of the best wool consignment

(14-16 micron) at the annual auction reached several thousand dollars per

kilogram.

 

Camel's wool

Camel wool (CAMEL) - is fluffy undercoat of nonworking Bactrian camel that

lives in Central and East Asia. Mongolian Bactrian wool is considered the most

valuable.

Camel woolen cover is composed of an outer coarse hair (25-100mkm) and

internal gentle fluff (17-21mkm), constituting 80-85% of the volume. It was called

"camel wool". Once a year it is collected (or combing) in an amount of 4-9 kg with

a camel, sorted by color and composition, and then the most subtle and soft fluff is

guided for the fabrics manufacturing. For the high quality fabrics manufacturing is

usually used most light and delicate young camels fluff (up to a year).

Camel wool is a lightweight (half the weight of sheep wool), soft and silky,

but at the same time, most durable and elastic. It is practical to wear, stain resistant

and is able to self-clean. It is warm and at the same time an excellent thermal

insulator, maintaining a constant body temperature in different conditions. It

protects against moisture, it also has the ability to absorb and quickly evaporate

moisture, leaving the body dry. You’ll never sweat if you are in clothes made of

camel wool. In addition, it does not cause allergies and is able to remove static

electricity.

Camel wool has unique healing and health properties. Since ancient times, it

serves as a medicament for many illnesses (more than 40). Her dry heat and8

organic substances that it contains make beneficial effect on the skin, muscles and

joints, improve blood circulation, promote the expansion of blood vessels,

stimulate the metabolism and regenerative processes in body tissues. The common

cold, osteochondrosis, radiculitis, rheumatism, excess weight - this is only a small

part of ailments, from which can protect and rid camel wool.

Camel fluff does not give in and is not subject to processing chemicals, including

bleach and dyes, so ABA are produced in natural colors (14 colors: white, cream,

beige, sand, reddish brown, dark brown, etc.). This serves as an additional

guarantee of ecological purity of these tissues.

Camel wool is natural, healthy and environmentally friendly material. Due to its

properties it is a versatile material that gives people comfort and health for many

years.

 

Mohair (WM)

MOHER (MOHAIR) - Wool of Angora goats living in Turkey (Angora province),

South Africa and the United States. At the same time, more than 60% of the world

mohair produced in South Africa.

Mohair - a luxurious natural fiber. This is one of the warmest and durable natural

materials, with extremely lightweight and silky. Its natural shine is stable and

durable, it does not disappear after coloring. Only this wool has such magnificent

long pile. It cannot be compared with anything else

There are three main types of Mohair:

Young kid wool (Kid Mohair), received at the first haircut (age - up to 6 months).

This thin(23-27mkm) and soft fiber length of 100-150mm. Kid Mohair of higher

quality is called Super Kid - the most thin and delicate fiber, silky and luxurious to

the touch.

Kid wool (Goating Mohair) received after the second haircut(age - up to 2 years) .

It is also soft and thin .

Adult goats wool (Adult Mohair) is thicker (30mkm) and coarser than others.

Yarn of class "luxury" is made from the first two kinds of mohair. Moher from

adult goats is used, for example, in the production of outwear.

Angora goat wool is homogeneous and usually white, that is especially appreciated

because of its ability to easily painting in any color from soft pastels to the most

radiant colors.

Products made of mohair require delicate storage and careful maintenance.

They should be hung on hangers to avoid the appearance of wrinkles; do not

expose to high temperatures and dry at room temperature; dry clean only and don’t

forget that chemical treatments may shorten goods life.

 

Lama (WL)

LAMA (LAMA) - as well as Alpacas, originally from Peru. It has long been used

as a beast of burden, so today there are llamas, both with thin elastic hair and hard

hair, which requires the selection of animals before hair cut or combing.

Llama wool is a protein fiber, it is not containing natural oils and lanolin. It

has a complete structure of basis and consists of two layers: the upper protective

hair and undercoat (fluff). Upper hair is thick and not twisted. Its share is 20%. The

undercoat is soft and luxurious, its thick 20-40mkm. It is used in luxury clothing.

At full haircut both layers are removed, and wool is cleared of protective hair. You

can get only undercoat by combing. During processing, llama wool retains 90-93%

of its original weight. The range of llama wool types is very broad, that it requires

the selection of a particular type of product.

Llama wool is light and soft, it has a great ability to keep warm (heat

capacity) and provide comfort in a wide range of temperatures (thermostatic). It

does not cause allergic reactions, and it has the ability to repel water and, unlike

other types of wool, it can adjust its moisture in range comfortable for human.11

Lama wool has an exceptional variety of natural colors from white, ash-pink,

light brown, gray and silver to dark brown and black. White wool is well painted.

Only natural dyes are used for coloring